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Praça da Sé, the official centre of the city.

Praça da Sé, the official centre of the city.

Edificio Copan, Oscar Niemeyer.

Edificio Copan, Oscar Niemeyer.

The São Vito tower demolished in 2010 can still be see in this Google maps aerial view.

The São Vito tower demolished in 2010 can still be see in this Google maps aerial view.

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The spaghetti street plan of Sumaré

The spaghetti street plan of Sumaré

This is Sumaré

This is Sumaré

Sumare's private local security system

Sumare's private local security system

Sumare's private local security system

Sumare's private local security system

Sumare's private local security system

Sumare's private local security system

Sumare's private local security system

Sumare's private local security system

Shopping D mall

Shopping D mall

A pet shop

A pet shop

A prison on Presidente Dutra Highway

A prison on Presidente Dutra Highway

Tower blocks in postmodernist style.

Tower blocks in postmodernist style.

Tower blocks nearing completion "...pupae, cocooned in security netting" alongside Avenida Aricanduva.

Tower blocks nearing completion "...pupae, cocooned in security netting" alongside Avenida Aricanduva.

Driving along Avenida Aricanduva.

Driving along Avenida Aricanduva.

"There are 28 million Brazilians still to raise out of poverty"

"There are 28 million Brazilians still to raise out of poverty"

Housing financed by Caixa the federal savings bank.

Housing financed by Caixa the federal savings bank.

Juxtaposition.

Juxtaposition.

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Pixação covered building.

Pixação covered building.

Pixação covered building.

Pixação covered building.

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"The nascent favela in São Mateus"

"The nascent favela in São Mateus"

São Mateus

São Mateus

São Mateus

São Mateus

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Aerial view of Self-built "Mutirão" housing.

Aerial view of Self-built "Mutirão" housing.

The side of a terrace of self-built "Mutirão" housing.

The side of a terrace of self-built "Mutirão" housing.

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Emulating "their wealthier paulistano counterparts, almost every house meets the street with a large floor-to-ceiling gate"

Emulating "their wealthier paulistano counterparts, almost every house meets the street with a large floor-to-ceiling gate"

The eerily empty streetscape of São Mateus.

The eerily empty streetscape of São Mateus.

São Mateus social housing blocks seen from the air.

São Mateus social housing blocks seen from the air.

São Mateus social housing behind walls topped with razor wire.

São Mateus social housing behind walls topped with razor wire.

São Mateus housing blocks.

São Mateus housing blocks.

São Mateus social housing blocks.

São Mateus social housing blocks.

Municipal housing block in São Mateus with stained concrete side walls.

Municipal housing block in São Mateus with stained concrete side walls.

São Mateus informal self-built housing.

São Mateus informal self-built housing.

São Mateus informal self-built housing.

São Mateus informal self-built housing.

São Mateus.

São Mateus.

São Mateus informal real estate.

São Mateus informal real estate.

São Mateus formal real estate.

São Mateus formal real estate.

São Mateus real estate.

São Mateus real estate.

São Mateus terrace houses.

São Mateus terrace houses.

São Mateus gates.

São Mateus gates.

São Mateus gates.

São Mateus gates.

Avenida Itaquera, love hotel.

Avenida Itaquera, love hotel.

Avenida Itaquera, love hotel.

Avenida Itaquera, love hotel.

Avenida Itaquera, love hotel.

Avenida Itaquera, love hotel.

Avenida Itaquera.

Avenida Itaquera.

Avenida Itaquera.

Avenida Itaquera.

Avenida Itaquera, local outpost of the Universal Church of the Kingdom of God.

Avenida Itaquera, local outpost of the Universal Church of the Kingdom of God.

Avenida Itaquera traffic jam.

Avenida Itaquera traffic jam.

Avenida Itaquera, mechanic workshops.

Avenida Itaquera, mechanic workshops.

Avenida Itaquera, car dealerships.

Avenida Itaquera, car dealerships.

Avenida Itaquera, car dealerships.

Avenida Itaquera, car dealerships.

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Guarulhos, rusting billboards.

Guarulhos, rusting billboards.

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The vast scale of Zezinho Magalhães seen from above. The complex consists of 72 housing blocks in 3 sectors.

The vast scale of Zezinho Magalhães seen from above. The complex consists of 72 housing blocks in 3 sectors.

The vast Zezinho Magalhães.

The vast Zezinho Magalhães.

Zezinho Magalhães.

Zezinho Magalhães.

Zezinho Magalhães' blocks are arranged in "strict ranks".

Zezinho Magalhães' blocks are arranged in "strict ranks".

The blocks are long, narrow and low, only three stories elevated over pilotis.

The blocks are long, narrow and low, only three stories elevated over pilotis.

The green landscaping animates the spaces between and around the blocks.

The green landscaping animates the spaces between and around the blocks.

The green landscaping animates the spaces between and around the blocks.

The green landscaping animates the spaces between and around the blocks.

The green landscaping animates the spaces between and around the blocks.

The green landscaping animates the spaces between and around the blocks.

Stairwell.

Stairwell.

Gate cabins

Gate cabins

McGuirk refers to the individual "apartment doors which have been personalised with crazy paving or tiles imitating stone or brick", and this is echoed at the urban scale by the different gate cabins which control access to each group of housing blocks.

Gate cabin.

Gate cabin.

Gate cabin.

Gate cabin.

gate cabins

gate cabins

gate cabins

gate cabins

gate cabins

gate cabins

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Highway interchange exiting Zezinho Magalhães.

Highway interchange exiting Zezinho Magalhães.

Aerial view of a complex of four prisons set in-between highway interchanges in the periphery of the city.

Aerial view of a complex of four prisons set in-between highway interchanges in the periphery of the city.

A prison by the highway.

A prison by the highway.

Vila Nova Pantanal.

Vila Nova Pantanal.

Vila Nova Pantanal, government billboard.

Vila Nova Pantanal, government billboard.

Vila Nova Pantanal.

Vila Nova Pantanal.

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Vila Nova Pantanal, CDHU social housing.

Vila Nova Pantanal, CDHU social housing.

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Municipal housing blocks in Vila Nova Pantanal.

Municipal housing blocks in Vila Nova Pantanal.

Vila Nova Pantanal, CDHU social housing.

Vila Nova Pantanal, CDHU social housing.

Mocotó - Pit stop for lunch

Mocotó - Pit stop for lunch

Following the Tiete river.

Following the Tiete river.

Vila Maria Zélia from above.

Vila Maria Zélia from above.

The church of Vila Maria Zélia with its octagonal steeple.

The church of Vila Maria Zélia with its octagonal steeple.

Colourful houses in different styles.

Colourful houses in different styles.

The "ghostly ruins" of Vila Maria Zélia.

The "ghostly ruins" of Vila Maria Zélia.

The dilapidated school buildings of Vila Maria Zélia.

The dilapidated school buildings of Vila Maria Zélia.

The dilapidated school buildings of Vila Maria Zélia.

The dilapidated school buildings of Vila Maria Zélia.

For a gallery of photos showing Dedé

For a gallery of photos showing Dedé

and the little museum of Vila Maria Zélia follow this link

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Following the Tiete river.

Following the Tiete river.

Following the Tiete river.

Following the Tiete river.

The gated community of Alphaville is not open to Google's cameras.

The gated community of Alphaville is not open to Google's cameras.

Turning south onto the Rodoanel Mario Covas

Turning south onto the Rodoanel Mario Covas

Favelas cut into the hillsides along the Rodoanel.

Favelas cut into the hillsides along the Rodoanel.

Access road to the Aldeia de Carapicuiba.

Access road to the Aldeia de Carapicuiba.

Aldeia de Carapicuiba.

Aldeia de Carapicuiba.

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Paraisopolis. São Paulo's second largest favela, home to more than 55,000 people.

Paraisopolis. São Paulo's second largest favela, home to more than 55,000 people.

First wave of SEHAB new housing in Paraisopolis.

First wave of SEHAB new housing in Paraisopolis.

Public transport in Paraisopolis

Public transport in Paraisopolis

Street life.

Street life.

The challenge of building in steep terrain.

The challenge of building in steep terrain.

Drainage systems and rubbish collection are still needed in Paraisopolis. In the background the luxury residential towers with pools on each balcony.

Drainage systems and rubbish collection are still needed in Paraisopolis. In the background the luxury residential towers with pools on each balcony.

The Guarapiranga resevoir.

The Guarapiranga resevoir.

The Guarapiranga resevoir.

The Guarapiranga resevoir.

On the north side of the Guarapiranga resevoir large houses and sailing clubs occupy the coast line.

On the north side of the Guarapiranga resevoir large houses and sailing clubs occupy the coast line.

Also golf courses.

Also golf courses.

Billings reservoir.

Billings reservoir.

The coast line of the Billings reservoir in contrast is dominated by working class settlements.

The coast line of the Billings reservoir in contrast is dominated by working class settlements.

Communities on the shores of the Billings reservoir.

Communities on the shores of the Billings reservoir.

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Gated communities at the shores of the reservoirs.

Gated communities at the shores of the reservoirs.

Industrial buildings in the heartland of the unions, "the industrial belt know as the ABC."

Industrial buildings in the heartland of the unions, "the industrial belt know as the ABC."

Another prison, this time in Rodovia Dos Imigrantes.

Another prison, this time in Rodovia Dos Imigrantes.

HOPE

HOPE